Two annoying and maybe obvious indicators of mosquito activity include the buzzing sound the females make and the bites they give. Female mosquitoes are equipped with piercing mouthparts that they use to extract the blood of a host. The protein they gather from the blood is used in the production of eggs. The male mosquito does not have this ability to extract blood from a host. Another sign of mosquito activity can be seen in the presence of immatures in standing water. This standing water can include watering dishes of house plants.

Mosquito Bites

People’s reactions to bites differ. The reactions range from mild irritation to intense inflammation and swelling that require topical treatments.

Potential Dangers of Mosquitoes

While a bite might not be particularly painful, it can be dangerous to humans because of its ability to transmit disease. When a female mosquito inserts her proboscis into the skin, her saliva creates a small, red bump that can often produce mild to severe itching. Over time and through repeated exposure, some people become less sensitive to mosquito saliva. But others can develop allergic reactions that include blistering, inflammation, and even asthma like reactions. Mosquitoes are also known carry diseases such as yellow and dengue fevers, malaria and encephalitis. This is a danger to you because they are capable of passing them from host to host.

Mosquito Bite Disease and Treatment

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people use insect repellent. Be careful that when you are using repellent that it does not come into contact with the eyes and mouth. And when applying to small children, special care should be taken.

If you receive a mosquito bite you can apply a cold compress to the affected area to help reduce swelling. Mild antihistamines and anti-itching compounds can help to relieve itching. You might also want to use anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Certain lotions, or an alternative to lotion is a paste made from baking soda and water, may prove effective. You will want to contact your personal physician before starting any new medications. You should contact a medical professional if you notice any more severe symptoms.

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